Phalut is one of the highest peaks of Singalila range and located in Darjeeling district at an altitude of 11,811 ft. This is the second highest point in Singalila ridge after Sandakphu (11,929 ft). Phalut is also in the border of Nepal, Sikkim and West Bengal. After a trek to Sandakphu, many plan for an onward trek up to Phalut before commencing the return.
Phalut is further 21kms from Sandakphu. Manebhanjan is the base of Singalila range where the trek actually begins for Sandakphu and then onward to Phalut. The distance of Phalut from Manebhanjan is 53kms. Depending on the ground one can cover, it takes 3 to 4 days to reach Phalut from Manebhanjan. There are both GTA (Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, erstwhile DGHC) lodges and private trekkers huts on the way for night stays.
The word Phalut which is derived from the Lepcha word Fak-Luk, means "Barren Peak". The area and even the last stretch to Phalut is actually quite barren. This is quite a contrast to the dense forests that are so common at the lower levels. But from Sandakphu for a long way you will pass through unabated beauty of the nature before you reach Phalut. On the way there are rhododendron trees of various types that bloom with colorful flowers during April to May. You will also pass through forests of oaks, chestnut trees, magnolias and silver firs.
One Day trek from Sandakphu to Phalut
This is typically the Day-4 trek when you are trekking via Sandakphu. As you start your trek from Sandakphu towards Phalut, you will shortly see the majestic Kanchenjunga family of peaks right ahead. Look towards the left and you will see the dazzling Everest family including Mt. Everest, Lhotse and Makalu. The route from Sandakphu to Phalut has a relatively easier gradient as both the places are at similar altitudes, however there will be inclines to climb at some places.
14kms from Sandakphu, you will reach a tiny village called Sabarkum (also known as Sabargram). From Sandakphu and all the way for 14kms up to Sabarkum the view is simply awesome. You will keep seeing Kanchenjunga on the right and Everest family on the left as you walk through lovely meadows and forests of rhododendrons. There is a forest hut at Sabarkum where you can plan to stay for the night. This is where several trekkers halt before starting their journey early next morning. Another option for night stay is at a place called Molley which is further 2kms away. However, experienced trekkers cover the entire 21kms stretch between Sandakphu and Phalut on a single day.
From Sandakphu, it takes about 5 hours to reach Sabarkum. The place is marked by roofless stone houses on top of a hill. From Sabarkum, keep moving along the trail northwards (after Sabarkum the trail forks, take the left).
Phalut is another 7kms away and should take another 2.5 hours to reach. After a while the route becomes a zigzag trail that starts climbing up towards Phalut. You will pass by the Trekkers Hut on the way. From here, the peak of Phalut is another 25 minutes or so. The last stretch of 1km to Phalut is a steep climb.
Phalut - GTA Trekkers Hut
Note: You should carry water and food from Sandakphu as you trek to Phalut. There is no water supply in between and hardly any proper place to eat.
Once you reach the summit, you are in a small flat grassy land which is devoid of any vegetation. There is an Indian Army bunker house near the peak of Phalut. However if you look around, you will be rewarded with awesome view of a long stretch of snow peaks. The range includes some of the highest peaks of the world including the Everest group, Kanchejunga, Chamolhari, Pandim, Three Sisters and lot others. The snow range stretches from Nepal on the west through Sikkim, Bhutan and up to Arunachal Pradesh in the east along a distance of about 320kms.
From Phalut you will feel Kanchenjunga is literally at a stones throw distance, although it's about 48kms along a straight line, but appears gigantic and awesome. Actually this is the closest view of Kanchenjunga that you get in the whole of Singalila range.
There is a GTA (Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, erstwhile DGHC) Trekkers hut in Phalut. You can book by visiting one of the GTA tourism offices (see Tourist Information Centers).
The Singalilla Pass is about 17kms from here. Phalut is also part of Singalila National Park. The native tribes who live in the area, consider Phalut's peak to be the god who knows about everything and call it "Omna Re Ay".
Update October 2011: Land Rovers and Jeeps from Maneybhanjang are plying all the way up to Phalut (via Sandakphu).
On your return from Phalut, while you can always retrace the same path back through Sandakphu, Tonglu, Meghma etc, there are couple of other better options for returning to Manebhanjan and then back to Darjeeling or Siliguri.
Next Day trek from Phalut to Gorkhey or Rammam
The most popular return trek route from Phalut is via Gorkey, Rammam, Srikhola and Rimbik. First check out the Sandakphu & Singalila Route Map for a visual understanding of this return route and get back to this page.
This is typically the Day-5 trek of the Sandakphu/Phalut trek circuit. From Phalut, take the bridle path through the forest area towards Rammam. The trail from Phalut up to Gorkey is about 15kms and quickly descends through forests of bamboo, pine, chestnuts, hemlock etc. You will also find plenty of Rhododendrons and oaks. You can also take several shortcuts by crossing some water channels along the way. After a while you will see the Rammam river on your left which forms the border with Sikkim and then you will see below the amazing meadow of Samandeen which is popularly known as the second Switzerland. The 15kms stretch takes about 5 hours. Note that at some places the downhill trail is quite steep and could be slippery. So be prepared to take a lot of stress on your knees and calf muscles.
Night Stay at Gorkhey (optional)
The village Gorkhey is surrounded by pines. A mountain stream called Gorkey Khola flows in a picturesque setting. This stream is a tributary of the Rammam river. Many trekkers halt here for a while, take a bath in the river, enjoy the lovely views around the scenic village Gorkey before marching forward. There are some 30 odd families that live in this village and offer their huts for night stays. Shanti Lodge and Eden Lodge offer basic accommodations here. No need to book these accommodations in advance. There is also a GTA Lodge in Gorkhey.
Many trekkers prefer to stay at Gorkhey overnight just to enjoy the sheer scenic beauty and serenity of the place. If you are staying here overnight, take a walk along the river bank in the afternoon, come back and relish some local rice beer. Otherwise trek along an uphill route and you will reach the small village Samandeen. This forest village located on a scenic plateau is also known as lost valley. There is a hotel here called 'Hotel Lost Valley'.
Night Stay at Rammam (popular)
The route from Samandeen descends initially up to a stream and then goes uphill to reach the Rammam village (8,400 ft). Most of the trekkers take a night halt at Rammam. Gorkhey up to Rammam is about 9kms and takes about 3 hours of trek. So from Phalut to Rammam is about 24kms (about 8 hours of trek). There is a trekkers hut in Rammam which is run by a local family. Hotel Sherpa located in the village also offers accommodations at reasonable rates. Noodles and tea are always available for light refreshment and so is rice wine (if you like to indulge a bit).
The Rammam Higher Secondary School is set up in a picturesque place, on a ridge and facing the mountains of Sikkim. There is also a monastery in Rammam which is run by the family who owns the trekkers hut.
Another day trek from Rammam to Srikhola or Rimbik
Next Night Stay at Srikhola
This is typically the Day-6 trek of the Sandakphu/Phalut trek circuit. From Rammam, start early next morning towards Rimbik (6,500 ft) which is 19kms away. On the way you will get a small village called Srikhola about 12kms from Rammam. The first 9kms is a level route going through forests and then it descends to Srikhola. From here, Rimbik is about 2-hrs walk. There is a trekkers hut at Srikhola and most trekkers stay here for the night so that next morning one can quickly trek down to Rimbik and catch the bus or jeep for Manebhanjan.
Check out Srikhola & Onward Trek to know about the village Srikhola, the onward route to Rimbik and all other details to get back to Darjeeling or NJP/Siliguri.
Return Route-2 from Phalut via Sabarkum, Rammam
From Phalut, there is a second return route (although not very popular). This is typically the Day-5 trek of the Sandakphu/Phalut trek circuit.
From Phalut go back to Sabarkum which is 7kms on the way back to Sandakphu. From here take a left turn to the trail (next to Sabarkum check post) that goes all the way to Rammam through dense forests. This route passes through dense forest of chestnuts, oaks, magnolias, rhododendrons, silver fir and hemlock. The total distance from Phalut to Rammam is about 16kms. Although this trail is shorter, the downhill muddy slopes can be dangerous and therefore should be trekked very carefully.
I had once made a mistake of taking this route while it was raining. The steep downward gradient along with fallen dry leafs on the ground and rainwater made the route extremely slippery. In several occasions we skidded but somehow could manage to avoid serious injuries. During the winter, it gets dark in this area by 4pm and it would be very difficult to find the trail once it's dark. So take caution while taking this route. I shall not recommend this route for amateur trekkers. After reaching Rammam, follow the remaining route from Route-I, i.e. trek via Srikhola
1) Sandakphu and Singalila Trek: Know all about the trek up to Sandakphu, from where you can launch your trek to Phalut.
3) Check out Darjeeling Trekking to know all about trekking in Darjeeling area
By Raj Bhattacharya
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